The golden triangle




A golden triangle, also known as the sublime triangle,[1] is an isosceles triangle in which the duplicated side is in the golden ratio to the distinct side:


{ a \over b} = \varphi = {1 + \sqrt{5} \over 2}. •

Golden triangles are found in the nets of several stellations of dodecahedrons and icosahedrons. []


Logarithmic spiral

The golden triangle is used to form a logarithmic spiral. By bisecting the base angles, a new point is created that in turn, makes another golden triangle.[3] The bisection process can be continued infinitely, creating an infinite number of golden triangles. A logarithmic spiral can be drawn through the vertices. This spiral is also known as an equiangular spiral, a term coined by René Descartes. “If a straight line is drawn from the pole to any point on the curve, it cuts the curve at precisely the same angle,” hence equiangular.[4]

Golden gnomon

Closely related to the golden triangle is the golden gnomon, which is the obtuse isosceles triangle in which the ratio of the length of the equal (shorter) sides to the length of the third side is the reciprocal of the golden ratio. The golden gnomon is also uniquely identified as a triangle having its three angles in 1:1:3 proportion. The acute angle is 36 degrees, which is the same as the apex of the golden triangle. []