Huicholes (Wixárikas or Wixáricas)

sierra huichola

The Huichol or Wixáritari (Huichol pronunciation: /wiˈraɾitaɾi/)[1] are a Native American ethnic group of western central Mexico, living in the Sierra Madre Occidental range in the Mexican states of NayaritJaliscoZacatecas, and Durango. They are best known to the larger world as the Huichol, however, they refer to themselves as Wixáritari (“the people”) in their native Huichol language. The adjectival form of Wixáritari and name for their own language is Wixárika.


mapa huicholes

How do they dress? The traditional male dress





The traditional female dress


Huichol (2)


Huichol Art

Huichol Art dates back millenia. During spiritual rituals Shaman have visions which are then transcribed into carvings, yarn art, and have evolved into t-shirts, boxed note cards, framed art and downloadable animations. Each image has spiritual meaning.

Divine Art


For the Huichol people, art is a means of encoding and channeling sacred knowledge. It is considered a form of prayer, providing direct communion with the sacred realm.

The Huichol use beads, yarn and wood in their imaginative work, creating elegant beaded jewelry, spiritual masks, votive bowls known as rukuri and animal figures. Every item carries heavily symbolic, esoteric and beautifully rendered symbols.

There are several prominent symbols featured in Huichol art.

Jicuri, the peyote plant, is considered the plant of life, promoting harmonious relations with the gods. It is often represented as the original ear of corn because both carry the colors of white, yellowish green, red and blue. Other times, jicuri is represented as antlers, which is a symbol of the first jicuri.

The serpent is also highly revered for its protection of corn and peyote by eating rodents and pests harmful to harvest. Four female deities are represented by the serpent, and the Mother Goddess of the Sea is pictured as a huge, coiled serpent forming herself into a cyclical storm cloud from which rain falls. The Huichol believe that rain itself consists of millions of small snakes. Takutzi Nakahue, mother of all gods and of corn, is symbolized by the sacred tree, the armadillo, the bear, the water serpent and rain. Tamat’s Kauyumari, the older brother who shaped the world, often appears as deer, coyote, the pine tree or a whirlwind.


Huichol bead art: the Vochol
huichol bead work on car 5




H 016

huichol bead work on car 7

huichol bead work on car 2


huichol bead work on car 1
The Vochol is a Volkswagen (VW) Beetle that has been decorated with traditional Huichol (Wirrárika) beadwork from the center-west of Mexico. The name is a combination of “vocho”, a popular term for VW Beetles in Mexico, and “Huichol”, the common name of theWirrárika indigenous group.[1] The project was sponsored by agencies associated with the Museo de Arte Popular, Mexico City, the states of Jalisco and Nayarit and other public and private organizations. The Volkswagen was covered in  beads applied by eight artisans from two Huichol families in an exclusive design based on Huichol culture.

The artisans clocked 4,760 hours using 2,277,000 beads that weighed ninety kilograms and fastened with sixteen kilograms of resin that can resist 200° Celsius. The project lasted over seven months and began in May 2010.

Some more examples …





Huichol yarn art

The Huichol Indians illustrate their religious beliefs in beautifully designed yarn paintings called “Nearika.”  A traditional Huichol representation is that of the deified face of the sun, the Giver of Life.  The Huichol make this art by spreading a mixture of beeswax and pine resin on a board and  then pressing pieces of yarn onto it. (

arte huichol sol





The hands that make this art possible: Huicholes at work!

photoEscudo_RIV_NAY_El_arte_huichol_Ex_artehuichol (1)




Wouldn’t you like to do it? Let your hair down and try it!


To summarize …

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  1. Alejandro Vasco says:

    I like all the work Huicholes involving people who are devoted to it and how beautiful they leave.
    And the pity is that people can not live with how beautiful it is.
    The one I like the car and seats.

  2. Yaiza Quintana Ruioba 1º B ESO says:

    I like it because it is pretty difficult to do and very colorful. It would be nice to do one in plastic.i love all.

  3. Sara Quintana Ruioba 4º C primaria says:

    Let cool! I do not get.

  4. claudia martinez says:

    I like it because it’s interesting to know what can be done with a bead

  5. Sara Quintana Ruiloba 4º C primaria says:

    Ilove especiali the car is very cool.

  6. Emma montes!! says:

    I love this Huicholes becouse are similar than alebrijes and very colourful and original

  7. isaac ballano 1º A says:

    I like the hulicholes and the traditional female dress.
    They work long and hard.

  8. Anjana Martín says:

    I like it because to do this hard work you need a lots of small glass bead

  9. alvaro cobo 1ºB says:

    I like the Huicholes because they are amazing and beautiful things.

  10. maría lavin says:

    i like the culture of the huicholes because they do fantastic things with the bead.
    and is very interesting to learn his tradition.

  11. sofia fernandez 1º B says:

    I like it because is the work is very long and hard and the hulicholes are have a lot of colours

  12. yaiza quintana ruiloba 1B says:

    i love this because it is very worked, colorull, beatifull, diferent, nice,…
    i want one

  13. Sara García says:

    It’s amazing the work that has been creating these wonderful works of art. All these people should take great recognition.

  14. Víctor García barquín says:

    The works are very beautiful and it has got a lot of colours counts

  15. Paola Martínez says:

    I love the Huicholes, the people who do this work have much merit because it takes a long work to do bead to bead works and it is so good.

  16. Erika Carbajo says:

    i think this is an amazing culture, all the works are beautifull and specials. i love the clothes with many colors

  17. Angel Eduardo says:

    Hi carmen
    I like the Huichol because his art is very nice and it is very interesting, I loved the car is fantastic!!!

  18. Diego San Emeterio says:

    I like huicholes because it is very nice ,interesting and beautiful.

  19. samuel ripoll says:

    Esta pagina es muy interesante y me gusta porque esta bien hecho y bien trabajado.

  20. carlos says:

    Me encanta este arte de hilo y cuentas,es muy bonito,no pensaba que se puedan hacer
    cosas tan increíbles.Me encanto lo del coche supongo que se necesita mucha imaginación,
    tiempo y práctica para conseguir lograr hacer algo así,yo algún día quiero aprender hacerlo.
    Me llama la atención la creatividad y los dibujos que hacen estas personas esa cultura me
    ha gustado mucho me parece fascinante como decoran también sus ropas,es increíble

  21. Adrián Alvarez says:

    Me gusta porque esta muy trabajado y porque se hacen muchas cosas con ello.
    También me gusta porque todos los objetos que se hacen son muy llamativos.
    Me encanta como lo hacen sobretodo como usan sus manos sin máquinas.
    Es increíble que consigan hacer un coche completamente lleno de abalorios en tan poco tiempo.
    En realidad me gustan todos los objetos que decoran y hacen.

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